Strengthen Development of the West Africa Regional Poultry Value Chain
Opportunity Type: Consultancy
The African Union Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) is a specialized Technical Office of the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture of the African Union Commission. It’s mandate is to support and coordinate the sustainable development and utilization of animal resources (livestock, fisheries and wildlife) to enhance nutrition and food security and contribute to the wellbeing and prosperity of the people in the Member States of the African Union (AU). AU-IBAR accomplishes its mandate through supporting and empowering the AU Member States, the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other stakeholders in the sector. AU-IBAR’s vision is of an Africa in which animal resources contribute significantly to the reduction of poverty and hunger.
A European Union funded AU-IBAR Project, Pan-Africa Support to the AU-IBAR for the Sustainable Development of Livestock for Livelihoods in Africa (Live2Africa) Project, aims to strengthen the systemic capacity of continental, regional and national livestock sector stakeholders for the economically, environmentally and socially sustainable transformation of the livestock sector. The Live2Africa Project is developed along seven Results aligned to the Livestock Development Strategy for Africa (LiDeSA): Result 1: Investments in livestock value chains (LVCs) are increased; Result 2: Animal Health Delivery Services are improved; Result 3: Animal Production, Productivity and Ecosystem Management are enhanced; Result 4: Resilience of Livestock Production Systems are strengthened; Result 5: Technology adoption in the Livestock Value Chains is increased; Result 6: Access to inputs, services, markets and value addition are increased; Result 7: AU-IBAR capacities are strengthened.
The Live2Africa Project pioneers a comprehensive and integrated continental initiative that addresses all the subcomponents of livestock development utilizing a value chain approach, focusing on selected priority regional livestock value chains. In February 2019 in Nairobi Kenya, a Stakeholder Prioritization Exercise identified six regional livestock value chains, including the West Africa Regional Poultry Value Chain (RPVC). This strategic decision is in line with the ECOWAS 2025 Strategy, developed after the review of the implementation of the ECOWAS Agricultural Policy (ECOWAP). The Regional Poultry Value Chain (RPVC) is a core element of the agricultural economy of the West African community. FAOSTAT (2018) estimated the poultry stock in this space at more than 520 million heads, representing 27% of continental stocks. The region produced more than 680,000 tons of poultry meat in 2017, or 50.22% of the consumption volume estimated at around 1.354 million tons on the same date. Demand therefore outstrips domestic supply, leading to an import of more than 674,000 tons of chicken in 2017. However, since the avian flu crisis and the guidelines given both by the continental commitments (Malabo) on agriculture transformation for shared prosperity and by ECOWAP +25, many governments within the community have taken measures to: (i) limit imports of poultry meat; and (ii) massively invest in this sub-sector. However, poultry consumption per capita was estimated at 1.77 kg in 2017, far from world standards (14 kg in 2017). There are therefore significant lines of action to be implemented to improve avian productivity and production in order to better position this subsector products in the diets of regional populations.